The version numbers of each Ubuntu release simply reflect the year and month it was released, in that order. So, for “Saucy Salamander” the 13.10 reflects that it was released in 2013 in October. And since 6.10 “Edgy Eft”, upgrades come out every 6 months – ie: every April and October – so the upcoming versions are easy to guess (eg: next one will be in April, 2014, so will be 14.04).
Similarly, the code names for each release have gone up alphabetically, so since 6.10 we’ve had “Feisty Fawn”, “Gutsy Gibbon”, “Hardy Heron”, etc, through to “Saucy Salamander”. So when you see users in forums talking about them still running “Precise“, you’ll know they are referring to their particular version (in this case “Precise Pangolin” 12.04).
Just remember not to discount the zero at the end, so the current version is 13.10, not 13.1. Similarly, don’t leave out the zero from an April (x.04) release, meaning the previous release is 13.04, not 13.4. As you might imagine, it could get confusing otherwise, as 13.4 would have to come after 13.1, whereas the reality is that 13.04 comes before 13.10.
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